IRS Benefit Plan Limits for 2020
Presented by Barry Shapiro, CLU®, ChFC®, REBC®, RHU®, AIF®, CASL®
On November 6, 2019, the Internal Revenue Service released Notice 2019-59, announcing cost-of-living adjustments that affect contribution limits for retirement plans and retirement accounts in 2020. The list below, although not exhaustive, highlights key changes that retirement plan sponsors should be aware of, as well as some limitations that remain unchanged from 2019:
- The elective deferral limit is increasing from $19,000 to $19,500.
- The catch-up contribution limit for employees age 50 and older is increasing from $6,000 to $6,500.
- The aggregate contribution limit for defined contribution plans is increasing from $56,000 to $57,000.
- The annual compensation limit used to calculate contributions is increasing from $280,000 to $285,000.
- The limitation on the annual benefit under a defined benefit plan is increasing from $225,000 to $230,000. (For a participant who separated from service before January 1, 2020, the limitation for defined benefit plans under Section 415(b)(1)(B) can be computed by multiplying the participant’s compensation limitation, as adjusted through 2019, by 1.0176.)
- The dollar limit used in the definition of “key employee” in a top-heavy retirement plan is increasing from $180,000 to $185,000.
- The dollar limit used in the definition of “highly compensated employee” is increasing from $125,000 to $130,000.
The table below displays the 2019 and 2020 limits for a host of tax breaks:
401(k) Plan Limits for Plan Year
401(k) Elective Deferral Limit1
Defined Contribution Dollar Limit
Highly Compensated Employee Income Limit
Key Employee Officer Limit
403(b) Elective Deferral Limit1
Defined Benefit Dollar Limit
457 Employee Deferral Limit
SEP and SIMPLE IRA Limits
SEP Minimum Compensation
SEP Maximum Compensation
SIMPLE Contribution Limit
SIMPLE Catch-Up Contribution2
IRA and Roth Limits
IRA and Roth Contribution Limit
1Employee deferrals to all 401(k) and 403(b) plans must be aggregated for purposes of this limit.
2Contributors must be age 50 or older during the calendar year.
3All compensation from a single employer (including all members of a controlled group) must be aggregated for purposes of this limit.
This material has been provided for general informational purposes only and does not constitute either tax or legal advice. Investors should consult a tax preparer, professional tax advisor, and/or a lawyer.